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PCB Technology

RoHS Guidelines - Handling, Storage and Assembly Guidelines

Silver Coated PCB's:

Handling and Storage:

  • PCB's should be wrapped in acid/sulfur-free packaging materials.
  • Wrapped packages should be stored at temperature 20°C +/- 5°C.
  • When properly stored, the Silver finish shall maintain all functional and cosmetic properties for a minimum of 2.5 to 3 months from date of manufacturing.
  • Once the packages are opened for assembly, the parts should be kept in an environment not to exceed at temperature 20°C +/- 5°C and 55% +/- 10% RH.
  • Boards should be assembled within 1 week of opening or re-wrapped in acid/sulfur-free packaging material.
  • Silver coated boards can be baked. However, sulfur and chloride in the baking atmosphere can discolor the Silver surface and impose a deterioration of solderability performance. If Silver plated boards must be baked for stress relief & moisture reduction, a dedicated oven Should be used. If a dedicated oven is not available, the boards should be tightly wrapped in aluminum foil to prevent possible tarnish of the silver.

Assembly Processing: Reflow Process

Selecting a solder paste to use with Silver:

  • Most paste manufacturers have selections of solder pastes formulated specifically for use with immersion silver, acid levels and oxide level in a solder paste can have an effect on the ease of assembly.
  • Typically no-clean and low activity solder paste meets these requirements.
  • The degree of sphericity of solder powder affects the oxide level. Irregular shaped particles in the paste will exhibit higher oxide levels.

    As a general reference:

    Parts with larger than 20 mil pitch -type 2 size
    16-20 mil pitch -type 3 size
    12-16 mil pitch -type 4 size
    less than 12 mil pitch -type 5 or 6 size

Paste Application:

  • Silver is extremely thin and flat finishes. Since no solder is present on the board incoming to assembly, stencils may need to be adjusted for EMS providers accustomed to assembling HASL parts.
  • Silver coated PCBs may require stencil apertures with a ratio of 1:1.
  • Alternately, a thick stencil may be used to supply the required bulk of solder needed for flat finishes. For initial start up in manual or automatic mode, visual inspection is recommended to insure complete paste coverage of all pads. Some of the defects caused by insufficient volume of solder paste on a pad include cold solder joints, dewetting, non-wetting, tomb-stoning and electrical opens (due to insufficient solder joints).

Reflow Heat Zones:

  • A Typical preheat phase has a delta T of 0.5–1.0 degree C/second
  • In the pre-flow or soak section, also called the flux activation stage, the soak time should be long enough to allow the flux to clean the bonding surfaces, but not so long that the flux is evaporated prematurely. Activation temperature of the flux should be reached in the soak zone
  • During the reflow phase, the typical solder temperature is 30 – 40 degree C above the solder paste melting point. In practice temperature around 250°C-260°C is often used.
  • In the Cool down phase the cooling should be 3-4 degree C/second down to around 130°C.

Product Comparison Chart

We have the capability to manufacture and assemble Single Sided/Layer (SS), Double Sided/Layer (DS-NPTH & DS-PTH) and MultiLayer (up to 32 layers) PCBs with RoHS as an option.

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Our capabilities

Our capabilities

We can manufacture and assemble Single Sided/Layer (SS), Double Sided/Layer (DS-NPTH & DS-PTH) and MultiLayer (up to 32 layers) PCBs with RoHS as an option.

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SMT stencils

SMT stencils

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For printed circuit boards (PCBs) or PCB assembly you can count on. Talk to the friendly and experienced team at QualiEco Circuits, Australia.